Free English Lessons from the ESL Resource Center

Google Search entire Internet



Parts of Speech
Chapter 9  - Articles

An article is a kind of adjective which is always used with and gives some information about a noun.  There are only two articles a and the, but they are used very often and are important for using English accurately.

The word a (which becomes an when the next word begins with a vowel - a, e, i, o, u) is called the indefinite article because the noun it goes with is indefinite or general.  The meaning of the article a is similar to the number one, but one is stronger and gives more emphasis.  It is possible to say I have a book or I have one book, but the second sentence emphasizes that I do not have two or three or some other number of books.

The word the is known as the definite article and indicates a specific thing.  The difference between the sentences I sat on a chair and I sat on the chair is that the second sentence refers to a particular, specific chair, not just any chair.

Many nouns, especially singular forms of countable nouns which you will learn about later, must have an article.  In English, it is not possible to say I sat on chair without an article, but  a demonstrative or possessive adjective can be used instead of an article as in the sentences I sat on that chair and I sat on his chair.

Whenever you see an article, you will find a noun with it.  The noun may be the next word as inthe man or there may be adjectives and perhaps adverbs between the article and the noun as in the very angry, young man.

Review this lesson as many times as you want, and when you are ready, take the pop quiz on this chapter.

END OF CHAPTER 9

 
Take Pop Quiz QuitTable of ContentsGo to Chapter 10

©2002 INTERLINK LanguageCenters - Created by Mark Feder




 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Pop Quiz for Chapter 9

CLICK THE CORRECT ANSWER:

1)  How many kinds of articles are there in English?




2)  An article always comes with a
pronoun adjectivenoun verb preposition


3)   An article is a kind of
pronoun conjunction noun adjective adverb



4)  Which is not correct?
a ant the dog an elephant the  monkey a cat



5)  Which is not correct?
a shirt an hat the necktie the pajamas a shoe 


6) Which is not correct?
a mile a kilometer a inch a foot a meter

7)  Which is not correct?

an article an object an adverb an adjective an noun
 

8)  Which is not correct?
I see a cat. I see her cat. I see cat. I see the cat. I see that cat.

9)  How many articles are in the sentence:  That was the best movie I have seen in a year.

 

10)  How many articles are in the sentence: I saw a monkey and an elephant at the zoo.
 
End of Pop Quiz for Chapter 9

 
Table of ContentsQuitGo to Chapter 10

©2002 INTERLINK LanguageCenters - Created by Mark Feder