Parts of Speech
Chapter 9 - Articles
An article is a kind of adjective which is always used with and gives some information about a noun. There are only two articles a and the, but they are used very often and are important for using English accurately.
The word a (which becomes an when the next word begins with a vowel - a, e, i, o, u) is called the indefinite article because the noun it goes with is indefinite or general. The meaning of the article a is similar to the number one, but one is stronger and gives more emphasis. It is possible to say I have a book or I have one book, but the second sententence emphasizes that I do not have two or three or some other number of books.
The word the is known as the definite article and indicates a specific thing. The difference between the sentences I sat on a chair and I sat on the chair is that the second sentence refers to a particular, specific chair, not just any chair.
Many nouns, especially singular forms of
countable nouns which you will learn about later, must have an article.
In English, it is not possible to say
sat on chair without
an article, but a demonstrative or possessive adjective can
be used instead of an article as in the sentences I sat
on that chair and
I sat on his chair.
Whenever you see an article, you will find a noun with it. The noun may be the next word as inthe man or there may be adjectives and perhaps adverbs between the article and the noun as in the very angry, young man.
Review this lesson as many times as you want, and when you are ready, take the pop quiz on this chapter.
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LanguageCenters - Created by Mark Feder
Pop Quiz for Chapter 9
1) How many kinds of articles
are there in English?
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