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Parts of Speech
Chapter 7  - Prepositions

A preposition is a word which shows relationships among other words in the sentence.  The relationships include direction, place, time, cause, manner and amount.  In the sentence She went to the store, to is a preposition which shows direction.  In the sentence He came by bus, by is a  preposition which shows manner.  In the sentence They will be here at three o'clock, at is a preposition which shows time and in the sentence It is under the table, under is a preposition which shows place.

A preposition always goes with a noun or pronoun which is called the object of the preposition.  The preposition is almost always before the noun or pronoun and that is why it is called a preposition.  The preposition and the object of the preposition together are called a prepositional phrase.  The following chart shows the prepositions, objects of the preposition, and prepositional phrases of the sentences above.
 
PrepositionObject of the Preposition
Prepositional Phrase
to
the store
to the store
by
bus
by bus
at
three o'clock
at three o'clock
under
the table
under the table

Prepositional phrases are like idioms and are best learned through listening to and reading as much as possible.   Below are some common prepositions of time and place and examples of their use.

Prepositions of time:
at two o'clock
on Wednesday
in an hour, in January; in 1992
for a day

Prepositions of place:
at my house
in New York, in my hand
on the table
near the library
across the street
under the bed
between the books

Review this lesson as many times as you want, and when you are ready, take the pop quiz on this chapter.

END OF CHAPTER 7

 
Take Pop Quiz QuitTable of ContentsGo to Chapter 8

©2002 INTERLINK LanguageCenters - Created by Mark Feder




 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Pop Quiz for Chapter 7

CLICK THE CORRECT ANSWER:

1)  Which does a preposition come before?

verb or adverb noun or pronoun conjunction adjectivearticle 


2)  A prepositional phrase contains a preposition and
direction place time object adverb



3)  Which is not correct?
in February on 5:00 o'clock at my house near me on May 2



4)  Which is not correct?
on her desk in June 3, 1987 in a box at home on Saturday 


5) Which is not correct?
at California under the rug at noon in a day on Friday



6) Which is not correct?
in a minute in October in the table in 1949 in my ear

7)  Which is a preposition? All the students in the class learned many new things.

all in class many things 
 

8)  Which is not a preposition? The man at the bar has a lot of money in his pocket.
at has of in

9)  How many prepositions are in the sentence: I will go to Utah next week if I have enough time and money.

 

10)  How many prepositions are in the sentence: The student in the first row near the window got an A on the test.
3
 
End of Pop Quiz for Chapter 7

 
Table of ContentsQuitGo to Chapter 8

©2002 INTERLINK LanguageCenters - Created by Mark Feder